What is organic cotton?

What is organic cotton?

This is a drop in the bucket compared to traditional production of cotton, the world's most popular natural fiber, when nearly 20 million bales of crops were produced on American soil in 2019 alone, worth a total of $ 7 billion. In 2017-18, 20,923,000 cotton bales were produced, of which about 23,000 were grown organically, or 0.11%. Most of these production centers are in India, which produces 51 percent of the world's cotton supply. According to WWF, in the main cotton-producing countries (India, USA, Pakistan, China) 2.4% of arable land is already used for growing cotton.    

Organic cotton production can be a good way to reduce the impact of cotton production. Organic cotton production does not use hazardous chemicals in the process, and farmers also save money by not having to buy large quantities of pesticides. It is also beneficial for consumers, as the toxic chemicals used in conventional cotton clothing remain inside the garment long after it leaves the factory. Unfortunately, however, depending on how the cotton is grown, the environmental impact of the material can be significant.   

Growing cotton organically reduces the negative impact of cotton on the environment. Growing organic cotton is more environmentally friendly and farmer-friendly, requires less water and emits fewer harmful chemicals during the production process. Organic cotton is considered to be more environmentally friendly thanks to farmers who use small amounts of natural synthetic pesticides and are generally considered harmless compared to chemical based shredders. In addition, organic cotton farmers use beneficial insects to control unwanted pests instead of relying on harmful chemicals, thereby contributing to the conservation of biodiversity.    

This is the result of more effective (or overly effective) pesticides, but also because inorganic crops have been genetically modified to produce more cotton per plant. Standard cotton is the reason for most pesticides in the world-in fact, the cotton industry (excluding organic agriculture) uses about 7% of pesticides and 16% of pesticides worldwide. Organic cotton is grown without the use of toxic and long-lasting pesticides or synthetic fertilizers.    

In addition, federal regulations prohibit the use of genetically modified seeds in organic agriculture. All cotton sold organically in the United States must comply with strict federal cotton growing regulations.    

Organic cotton is usually defined as organic cotton grown in subtropical countries such as India, Turkey, China, and parts of the United States. It uses genetically modified plants and does not use synthetic agricultural chemicals such as fertilizers or pesticides. [1] Those allowed. Certified organic label. Organic cotton starts with non-GMO (genetically modified organism) seeds, which are grown without toxic chemicals, pesticides or pollutants that may be harmful to farmers and the ecosystem. Organic cotton production is an agricultural system that promotes biodiversity to meet crop needs. The basis of organic cotton production includes the use of local pest-resistant varieties, the diversification of legume crops, crop rotation and hybridization to maintain soil health, the use of organic fertilizer sources, and the use of prevention-based pests to control natural enemies and traps.   

Fertile soil containing organic carbon is a prerequisite for all agricultural production, including cotton production. Organic production systems restore and maintain soil fertility, reduce the use of toxic and persistent pesticides and fertilizers, and create biodiverse agriculture. Organic production systems restore and maintain soil fertility, expand biodiversity, and prohibit the use of synthetic, toxic and persistent pesticides and fertilizers, as well as genetically modified seeds.   

Third-party certification bodies certify that organic producers only use methods and materials that are permitted in organic production. Businesses are increasingly becoming certified according to traceability standards such as the Organic Textile Content Standard (OCS), which confirms that the cotton in the final product is certified organic. Businesses are increasingly becoming certified according to traceability standards such as the Organic Textile Content Standard (OCS), which confirms that the cotton in the final product is certified organic. Clothing companies are developing programs that use 100% organic cotton or combine small proportions of organic cotton with regular cotton in their products.  

According to the Textile Exchange 2010 Global Market Report on Sustainable Textile, global sales of organic cotton apparel and home textiles reached approximately $ 5.16 billion in 2010. In addition, 55,833 hectares of agricultural land. The cotton was converted to organic, which helped to meet the growing demand. In addition, 137,966 acres of cotton land have been converted to organic, helping to meet growing demand.   

Based on the LCA results, organic cotton production for mid-size T-shirts resulted in 1,982 gallons of water savings compared to chemically grown cotton. For years, it was believed that organic cotton uses more water than chemically grown cotton, but a recent study found the opposite was true: making a shirt from organic fibers saves 1,982 gallons of water compared to a shirt. Chemically grown cotton shirt.    

Other fibers such as hemp, flax (flax), jute, silk and wool can be grown on organic farms, but cotton is one of the most commonly used materials in fashion and textiles. Although cotton is so common and useful (it accounts for almost half of the fiber used in the textile industry), it has a dark side. The story of how cotton is grown, harvested and produced contains some ugly truths that affect our planet and its people.   

The pesticides and pesticides used in cotton production pollute the soil we use to grow crops, the air we breathe, and the water we drink. The chemicals used in cotton processing pollute the air and surface water. 

Organic farmers are also unlikely to use monoculture methods and grow other crops next to cotton. Organic farming practices avoid the use of harmful chemicals while striving to achieve environmental sustainability and use fewer resources. Farmland that does not contain chemicals is more fertile than land where pesticides are often used, so organic cotton farmers tend to live longer cotton than others.  

With organic cotton growers being denied the tools used by conventional farmers, it is clear that growing organic cotton requires more effort. Most organic cotton seeds are sold to organic dairy farms for use as feed, although some farmers collect and reuse their seeds. Organic cotton growers face other obstacles to increasing production, including a lack of seed selection efforts targeting non-biotech varieties with desired fiber characteristics, the need for extensive documentation, and remnants of document fraud scandals that undermine the credibility of India's organic cotton. certification and lack of markets for cowpea, okra and other crops used as crop rotation crops or associated with organic cotton.   

First, certification of state organic farming standards is required to prove that cotton fiber is grown and grown without GMO seeds and without the use of toxic chemicals or pesticides. The second level certification is called amade with organic, which stipulates that at least 70% of the product consists of organic fibers and a maximum of 10% consists of synthetic fibers, the rest can be other natural fibers (but not organic), but mixing of ordinary and organic is not allowed fibers of the same type in one product, so it is not possible to mix organic and regular cotton together.   

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